HIV has a residual inflammatory effect on your body so, over a lifetime, body organs like the heart have to work a little bit harder.
HIV also affects the body’s metabolism in ways that add to the risk of heart disease and some HIV treatments increase these underlying risks. These include increased cholesterolAn essential component of cell membranes and nerve fibre insulation, cholesterol is important for the metabolism and transport of fatty acids and the production of hormones and Vitamin D. Cholesterol is manufactured by the liverA large organ, located in the upper right abdomen, which assists in digestion by metabolising carbohydrates, fats and proteins, stores vitamins and minerals, produces amino acids, bile and cholesterol, and removes toxins from the blood., and is also present in certain foods. High blood cholesterol levels have been linked to heart disease and may be a side effectAn unwanted effect caused by the administration of drugs. Onset may be sudden or develop over time. of some anti-HIV medications. levels and blood fatsA type of fat in the blood. Elevated triglyceride levels may be a side effectAny undesired actions or effects of a drug or treatment. Negative or adverse effects may include headache, nausea, hair loss, skin irritation, or other physical problems. Experimental drugs must be evaluated for both immediate and long-term side effects. of some anti-HIV drugs.. read more »