If you have had unprotected sex (penetrative sex without a condom) with a man, he is at risk of HIV acquisition. There is a course of treatment that he can take that will minimise the likelihood of acquiring HIV. This is called postexposure prophylaxis (PEP).
How do you get PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis)?
Your partner needs to go a medical centre or emergency department of a hospital and ask for PEP. Treatment is more effective the sooner that it is begun. It must be commenced within 72 hours. (There is a national list of services where PEP is available at www.getpep.info. Alternatively, phone the reecall hotline in your State or Territory: NSW 1800 737 669; Victoria 1800 889 887; South Australia 1800 888 559; Tasmania 1800 005 900; and Western Australia 1300 767 161).
Your partner will be assessed for risk and then prescribed a regimen of antiretroviralA medication or other substance which is active against retroviruses such as HIV. drugs for a period of four weeks. You may be asked to provide information about your CD4 count, viral loadA measurement of the quantity of HIV RNA in the blood. Viral load blood test results are expressed as the number of copies (of HIV) per milliliter of blood plasma. and details of your past and current antiretroviral use, if any.
You may also be asked about any current sexually transmissible infections and results of any HIV resistanceHIV which has mutated and is less susceptible to the effects of one or more anti-HIV drugs is said to be resistant. tests you have had. These details are used both to calculate the risk of transmission to your partner, and to ensure that he gets the optimal antiretroviral drugs for his individual situation.
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