It’s official. The benefits associated with stopping smoking start immediately after you stub out your last cigarette and steadily increase over time.
Dr Kathy Petoumenos from the Kirby Institute used information gathered from the 33,308 HIV positive patients enrolledThe act of signing up participants into a study. Generally this process involves evaluating a participant with respect to the eligibility criteria of the study and going through the informed consent process. in the international Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV Drugs (D:A:D) study.
She and her colleagues found that the risk of having a heart attackA life-threatening emergency in which the blood supply to the heart is suddenly cut off, causing the heart muscle (myocardium) to die from lack of oxygen. or of developing cardiovascular or coronary heart diseases decreased with each passing year of having stopped smoking, and that after 3 years, the risk almost halved compared with the first year after stopping.
For example, the incidence of cardiovascular disease in PLHIVPerson (or people) Living with HIV. This term is now preferred over the older PLWHA. who stopped smoking decreased from 2.32 within their first year of stopping to 1.49 after three years, compared with those who never smoked.